Archives of Acoustics, 43, 4, pp. 603–612, 2018
10.24425/aoa.2018.125154

Speech Reception Thresholds for Polish Language Word and Sentence Tests Presented in Noise

Anna SCHELENZ
Adam Mickiewicz University
Poland

Ewa SKRODZKA
Adam Mickiewicz University
Poland

The aim of the study was to determine the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the Speech Reception Threshold (SRT) for young persons with normal hearing. The following three tests available for Polish language were used: the New Articulation Lists (NAL-93) version of 2011, the Polish Sentence Test (PST) and the Polish Sentence Matrix Test (PSMT). When using PST and PSMT the masking signal was babble noise made of the language material contained in the test. For NAL-93 the masking signal was speech noise. The speech reception threshold (SRT) was found to be (−6:8 ± 1.1), (−4:8 ± 1.6), (−3:5 ± 1.8) and (−3:4 ± 2.0) dB SNR for PST, PSMT, NAL-93 (constant stimuli method) and NAL-93 (short method), respectively. The values of SRT depend on semantic redundancy of the language material. Differences in SRT were statistically non-significant only for NAL-93 (constant stimuli method) and NAL-93 (short method). Moreover, it was shown that the time needed for presentation of a single word list (NAL-93, short method) or single sentence list (PST, PSMT) was comparable and equal to 2–3 minutes. The most uniform SRT values were obtained for PST. The PSMT was the least demanding for the listener, experimenter and equipment.
Keywords: speech reception threshold in noise; Polish Sentence Test; Polish Sentence Matrix Test; new articulation lists
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DOI: 10.24425/aoa.2018.125154

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