Archives of Acoustics, 39, 2, pp. 277-287, 2014
10.2478/aoa-2014-0032

Simultaneous Calibration of Multiple Microphones for Both Phase and Amplitude in an Impedance Tube

Péter TÓTH
Budapest University of Technology and Economics Department of Fluid Mechanics
Hungary

Christophe SCHRAM
von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics
Belgium

This paper presents and compares microphone calibration methods for the simultaneous calibration of small electret microphones in a wave guide. The microphones are simultaneously calibrated to a reference microphone both in amplitude and phase. The calibration procedure is formulated on the basis of the damped plane wave propagation equation, from which the acoustics field along the wave guide is predicted, using several reference measurements. Different calibration models are presented and the methods were found to be sensitive to the formulation, as well as to the number of free parameters used during the reconstruction of the wave-field. The wave guide model based on five free parameters was found to be the preferred method for this type of calibration procedure.
Keywords: electret microphones; simultaneous microphone calibration; impedance-tube.
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DOI: 10.2478/aoa-2014-0032

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