Archives of Acoustics, 42, 4, pp. 619–629, 2017

A Fast Method of Feature Extraction for Lowering Vehicle Pass-By Noise Based on Nonnegative Tucker3 Decomposition

Haijun WANG
NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

Guoyong DENG
NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

Xueping LI
NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

Honggeng LI
NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

Yuanyi HUANG
NVH Research Department, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile CO., LTD

Usually, the judgement of one type fault of vehicle pass-by noise is difficult for engineers, especially when some significant features are disturbed by other interference noise, such as the squealing noise is almost simultaneous with the whistle in the exhaust system. In order to cope with this problem, a new method, with the antinoise ability of the algorithm on the condition by which the features are entangled, is developed to extract clear features for the fault analysis. In the proposed method, the nonnegative Tucker3 decomposition (NTD) with fast updating algorithm, signed as NTD FUP, can find out the natural frequency of the parts/components from the exhaust system. Not only does the NTD FUP extract clear features from the confused noise, but also it is superior to the traditional methods in practice. Then, an aluminium-foil alloy material, which is used for the heat shield for its lower noise radiation, replaces the aluminium alloy alone. Extensive experiments show that the sound pressure level of the vehicle pass-by noise is reduced 0.9 dB(A) by the improved heat shield, which is also considered as a more lightweight design for the exhaust system of an automobile.
Keywords: vehicle pass-by noise; NTD; feature extraction; sound pressure level
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DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2017-0066

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