Archives of Acoustics, 40, 3, pp. 311–319, 2015
10.1515/aoa-2015-0034

Shape Optimization of Mufflers Composed of Multiple Rectangular Fin-shaped chambers Using Differential Evolution Method

Min-Chie CHIU
Chung Chou University of Science and Technology
Taiwan, Province of China

Ying-Chun CHANG
Tatung University
Tajikistan

Wei-Ting TAI

There has been considerable research done on multi-chamber mufflers used in the elimination of industrial venting noise. However, most research has been restricted to lower frequencies using the plane wave theory. This has led to underestimating acoustical performances at higher frequencies. Additionally, because of the space-constrained problem in most plants, the need for optimization of a compact muffler seems obvious. Therefore, a muffler composed of multiple rectangular fin-shaped chambers is proposed.

Based on the eigenfunction theory, a four-pole matrix used to evaluate the acoustic performance of mufflers will be deduced. A numerical case for eliminating pure tones using a three-fin-chamber muffler will also be examined. To delineate the best acoustical performance of a space-constrained muffler, a numerical assessment using the Differential Evolution (DE) method is adopted. Before the DE operation for pure tone elimination can be carried out, the accuracy of the mathematical model must be checked using experimental data. The results reveal that the broadband noise has been efficiently reduced using the three-fin-chamber muffler.

Consequently, a successful approach in eliminating a pure tone using optimally shaped three-fin-chamber mufflers and a differential evolution method within a constrained space has been demonstrated.
Keywords: fin; multi-chamber; high-order-mode; differential evolution.
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DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2015-0034

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