Archives of Acoustics, 41, 1, pp. 151–160, 2016
10.1515/aoa-2016-0015

Study and Assessment of Low Frequency Noise in Occupational Settings

Adel M. SHEHAP
Cairo University, Giza
Egypt

Hany A. SHAWKY
National Institute for Standards (NIS), Giza
Egypt

Tarek M. EL-BASHEER
National Institute for Standards (NIS), Giza
Egypt

Low frequency noise is one of the most harmful factors occurring in human working and living environment. Low frequency noise components from 20 to 250 Hz are often the cause of employee complaints. Noise from power stations is an actual problem for large cities, including Cairo. The noise from equipments of station could be a serious problem for station and for environmental area. The development of power stations in Cairo leads to appearing a wide range of gas turbines which are strong source of noise. Two measurement techniques using C-weighted along side the A-weighted scale are explored. C-weighting is far more sensitive to detect low frequency sound. Spectrum analysis in the low frequency range is done in order to identify a significant tonal component. Field studies were supported by a questionnaire to determine whether sociological or other factors might influence the results by using annoyance rating mean value. Subjects included in the study were 153 (mean = 36.86, SD = 8.49) male employees at the three electrical power stations. The (C-A) level difference is an appropriate metric for indicating a potential low frequency noise problem. A-weighting characteristics seem to be able to predict quite accurately annoyance experienced from LFN at workplaces. The aim of the present study is to find simple and reliable method for assessing low frequency noise in occupational environment to prevent its effects on work performance for the workers. The proposed method has to be compared with European methods.
Keywords: low frequency noise; A-weighting; C-weighting; audible; method of assessment.
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DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2016-0015

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