Archives of Acoustics, 41, 3, pp. 535–541, 2016
10.1515/aoa-2016-0052

The Risks of Social Noise Exposure in the Vulnerable Population in Slovakia

Lubica ARGALASOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Alexandra FILOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Katarina HIROSOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Diana VONDROVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Martin SAMOHYL
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Daniela KRAJCOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Jana JURKOVICOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

Ludmila SEVCIKOVA
Comenius University, Bratislava
Slovakia

The study is aimed to quantify the effects of social noise exposure (personal music players (PMP), events with high noise exposure) and the exposure to the other environmental noise sources in the selected sample of Slovak university students. The validated ICBEN methodology was used to assess noise annoyance. The measurement of ambient noise levels was done using hand-held sound level analyzer. There were 526 university students (143 males and 383 females, average age 23$\pm$2.2) enrolled into the study so far, 192 in the exposed housing facility to road traffic noise and 326 in the control housing facility in Bratislava. The social noise exposure was quantified and followed according to the authorized methodology of the study Ohrkan. From the total sample 416 (79.4%) students reported the use of PMP in the last week for the average time of 314 minutes. There was a significant difference in PMP use between the exposed (85.34%) and the control group (76.31%) ($p = 0.01$). Among PMP users 28.1% exceeded the LAV (lower action value for industry = 80 dB). The results showed the importance of road traffic and the social noise as well and the need for prevention and intervention in these vulnerable groups.
Keywords: social noise exposure; road traffic noise; personal music players; university students.
Full Text: PDF

References

Basner M., Babisch W., Davis A., Brink M., Clark C., Janssen S., Stansfeld S. (2014), Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health, Lancet, 383, 154–168.

Basner M., Brink M., Bristow A., de Kluizenaar Y., Finegold L., Hong J., Janssen S.A., Klaeboe R., Leroux T., Liebl A., Matsui T., Schwela D., Sliwinska-Kowalska M., Sörqvist P. (2015), ICBEN review of research on the biological effects of noise 2011–2014, Noise Health, 17, 57–82.

Berglund B., Lindvall T., Schwela D.H. (2000), Guidelines for Community Noise, WHO, Geneva.

Council Directive 2003/10/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 February 2003 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks. Official Journal of the European Communities L 42, 15.2.2003, p. 38

Murphy E., King E.A. (2014), Environmental Noise Pollution. Noise Mapping, Public Health, and Policy, Elsevier, Burlington, USA.

Fields J.M., de Jong R.G., Gjestland T., Flindell I.H., Job R.F.S., Kurra S., Lercher P., Vallet M., Yano T., Guski R., Felscher-Suhr U., Schumer R. (2001), Standardized general-purpose

noise reaction questions for community noise surveys: Research and recommendation, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 242, 641–679.

Figueiredo R.R., Azevedo A.A., Oliveira P.M., Amorim S.P., Rios A.G., Baptista V. (2011), Incidence of tinnitus in mp3 player users, Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 77, 293–298.

Fritschi L., Brown L.A., Kim R., Schwela D., Kephalopoulos S. (2011), Burden of disease from environmental noise. Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe, WHO, Geneva.

Hurtley Ch. (Ed.) (2009), Night noise guidelines for Europe, WHO, Geneva.

Jeram S., Delfar N. (2014), Preliminary results of the study on usage of portable music players and future plans for public policy in Slovenia, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN), Nara, Japan.

Marshall L., Lapsley Miller J.A., Heller L.M. (2001), Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions as a screening tool for noise-induced hearing loss, Noise Health, 3, 43–60.

Pawlaczyk-Luszczynska M., Dudarewicz A., Zaborowski K., Zamojska M., Sliwinska-Kowalska M. (2013), Noise induced hearing loss: Research in central, eastern and south-eastern Europe and newly independent states, Noise and Health, 15, 55–56.

Pellegrino E., Lorini C., Allodi G., Buonamici C., Garofalo G., Bonaccorsi G. (2013), Musiclistening habits with MP3 player in a group of adolescents: A descriptive survey, Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunita, 25, 367–376.

Portnuff C.D.F., Fligor B.J., Arehart K.H. (2011), Teenage Use of Portable Listening Devices: A Hazard to Hearing?, Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22, 663–677.

Portnuff C.D.F., Fligor B.J., Arehart K.H. (2013), Self-report and long-term field measures of MP3 player use: How accurate is self-report?, International Journal of Audiology, 52, S33–S40.

SCENIHR (2008), Potential health risks of exposure to noise from personal music players and mobile phones including a music playing function: Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks, European Commission, Brussels.

Serra M.R., Biassoni E.C., Hinalaf M., Abraham M., Pavlik M., Villalobo J.P., Curet C., Joekes S., Yacci M.R., Righetti A. (2004), Hearing and loud music exposure in 14–15 years old adolescents, Noise Health, 16, 320–30.

Sliwinska-Kowalska M., Davis A. (2012), Noiseinduced hearing loss, Noise and Health, 14, 274–80.

Slovak Ministry of Health Decree No. 549/2007, Establishing details on the permissible levels of noise, infrasound and vibration and on the requirements for the objectification of noise [in Slovak], Infrasound and Vibration in the Environment.

Sobotova L., Jurkovicova J., Volekova J., Aghova L. (2001), Community noise annoyance risk in two surveys, International Journal Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 14, 197–200.

Sulaiman A.H., Seluakumaran K., Husain R. (2013), Hearing risk associated with the usage of personal listening devices among urban high school students in Malaysia, Public Health, 127, 710–715.

Twardella D., Perez-Alvarez C., Steffens T., Bolte G., Fromme H., Verdugo-Raab U. (2013), The prevalence of audiometric notches in adolescents in Germany: The Ohrkan-study, Noise and Health, 15, 412–419.

Vogel I., Verschuure H., van der Ploeg C.P.B., Brug J., Raat H. (2010), Estimating adolescent risk for hearing loss based on data from a large school-based survey, American Journal of Public Health, 100, 1095–1100.




DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2016-0052

Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN)