Archives of Acoustics, 42, 2, pp. 175–188, 2017

Evaluation and Analysis of Environmental Noise Pollution in Seven Major Cities of India

Naveen GARG
CSIR - National Physical Laboratory

Central Pollution Control Board

NIT Kurukshtera

Central Pollution Control Board

Central Pollution Control Board

Central Pollution Control Board

The paper describes the noise monitoring data acquired from the pilot project on the establishment of National Ambient Noise Monitoring Network (NANMN) across seven major cities in India for continuous noise monitoring throughout the year. The annual average Lday (06-22h) and Lnight (22-06 h) values observed in year 2011-2014 for the 35 locations under study in which 14 locations are in commercial zone, 5 in Industrial, 7 in residential and 9 in silence zones are described. The long-term noise monitoring shows that ambient noise levels have marginally increased for 29 sites (82.9%) since past four years. The present study is focussed on evaluation and analysis of environmental noise pollution at 35 noise monitoring sites in seven major cities of India and shall be instrumental in planning for the noise abatement measures for controlling the noise pollution in these sites.
Keywords: National Ambient Noise Monitoring Network (NANMN); day equivalent level, Lday; night equivalent level, Lnight; day-night average sound level, Ldn; equivalent continuous sound pressure level, LAeq,24h
Full Text: PDF
Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN).


Abbaspour M., Karimi E., Nassiri P., Monazzam M.R., Taghavi L. (2015), Hierarchal assessment of noise pollution in urban areas – A case study, Transportation Research Part D, 34, 95–103.

Amundsen A.H., Klæboe R, Aasvang G.M. (2011), The Norwegian facade insulation study: the efficacy of facade sound insulation in reducing noise annoyance due to road traffic, Journal of Acoustical society of America, 129, 1381–1389.

Babisch W. (2008), Road traffic noise and cardiovascular risk, Noise Health, 10, 38, 27–33.

Babisch W., Beule B., Schust M., Kersten N., Ising H. (2005), Traffic noise and risk of myocardial infarction, Epidemiology, 16, 1, 33–40.

Banerjee D., Chakraborty S.K., Bhattacharyya S., Gangopadhyay A. (2008), Evaluation and analysis of road traffic noise in Asansol: An industrial town of Eastern India, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 5, 3, 165–171.

Basner M., Babisch W., Davis A., Brink M., Clark C., Janssen S., Stansfeld S. (2014), Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health, Lancet, 383, 1325–1332.

Cai M., Zou J., Xie J., Ma X. (2015), Road traffic noise mapping in Guangzhou using GIS and GPS, Applied Acoustics, 87, 94–102.

Central Pollution Control Board, Annual Report, 2011-12, [access on 023.03.2016].

Chakrabarty S.K, Banerjee D. (2006), Monthly variation in night time noise levels at residential areas of Asansol city (India), Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 48, 1, 39–44.

Chang T.Y., Liu C.S., Bao B.Y., Li S.F., Chen T.I., Lin Y.J. (2011), Characterization of road traffic noise exposure and prevalence of hypertension in Central Taiwan, Science Total Environment, 409, 1053–1057.

Davies H., Kamp I.V. (2012), Noise and cardiovascular disease: a review of the literature 2008–2011, Noise Health, 14, 287–291.

Dintrans A., Préndez M. (2013), A method of assessing measures to reduce road traffic noise: A case study in Santiago, Chile, Applied Acoustics, 74, 1486–1491.

EU’s Future Noise Policy, WG2-Dose/Effect, Position paper on dose response relationships between transportation noise and annoyance, 2002, [access on 02.03.2016].

Fiedler P.E.K., Zannin P.H.T. (2015), Noise mapping as tool for urban planning, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 74, 114–116.

Garg N., Kumar A., Maji S. (2013), Significance and implications of airborne sound insulation criteria in building elements for traffic noise abatement, Applied Acoustics, 74, 1429–1435.

Garg N., Kumar A., Maji S. (2014a), Parametric sensitivity analysis of factors affecting sound insulation of double glazing using Taguchi method, Applied Acoustics, 74, 1406–1413.

Garg N., Kumar A., Maji S. (2014b), Parametric sensitivity analysis of factors affecting the sound insulation of multi-layered building elements, Achieves of Acoustics, 39, 2, 165–176.

Garg N., Kumar A., Saini P.K., Maji S. (2015a), A retrospective view of ambient noise standards in India: Status and proposed revision, Noise Control Enginering Journal, 63, 266–278.

Garg N., Maji S. (2014), A critical review of principal traffic noise models: Strategies and implications, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 46, 68–81.

Garg N., Maji S. (2016), A retrospective view of noise pollution control policy in India: Status, Proposed Revisions and Control Measures, Current Science Journal, 111, 1, 29–38.

Garg N., Mangal S.K., Saini P.K, Dhiman P., Maji S. (2015b), Comparison of ANN and analytical models in traffic noise modelling and predictions, Journal of Acoustic Australia, 43, 179–189.

Garg N., Saxena T.K., Maji S. (2015c), Long-term versus short-term noise monitoring: Strategies and implications in India, Noise Control Engineering Journal, 63, 26–35.

Garg N., Sharma O., Maji S. (2011), Experimental investigations on sound insulation through single, double and triple window glazing for traffic noise abatement, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 78, 471–478.

Garg N., Sharma O., Mohanan V., Maji S. (2012), Passive noise control measures for traffic noise abatement in Delhi, India, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 71, 226–234.

Garg N., Sinha A.K., Gandhi V., Bhardwaj R.M., Akolkar A.B. (2016), A pilot study on establishment of ambient noise monitoring network across the major cities of India, Applied Acoustics, 103, 20–29.

Garg N., Soni K., Saxena T.K., Maji S. (2015d), Applications of Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) approach in time-series prediction of traffic noise pollution, Noise Control Enginering Journal, 63, 182–194.

Garg N., Vishesh, Maji S. (2015e), Fuzzy TOPSIS approach in selection of optimal noise barrier for traffic noise abatement, Achieves of Acoustics, 40, 4, 453–467.

Hammer M.S., Swinburn T.K., Neitzel R.L. (2014), Environmental noise pollution in the Unites States: developing an effective public health response, Environmental Health Perspectives, 122, 115–119. [access on 01.03.2016].

Jamir L., Nongkyrnuh B., Gupta S.K. (2014), Community noise pollution in Urban India: Need for public heath action, Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 39, 8–12.

Kim R., van den Berg M. (2010), Summary of night noise guidelines for Europe, Noise Health, 12, 47, 61–63.

Kumar K., Parida M., Katiyar V.K. (2014), Optimized height of noise barrier for non-urban highway using artificial neural network, International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, 11, 719–730.

Lee S.W., Chang S.I., Park Y.M. (2008), Utilizing noise mapping for environmental impact assessment in a downtown redevelopment area of Seoul, Korea, Applied Acoustics, 69, 704–714.

Li B., Tao S., Dawson R.W. (2002), Evaluation and analysis of traffic noise from the urban main roads in Beijing, Applied Acoustics, 63, 1137–1142.

Mandal P.K., Bandyopadhyay A. (2014), Case study from West Bengal, India: Management of noise levels during festival time in Kolkata and Howrah Municipal Corporation Areas from 2002 to 2011, Environmental Quality Management, 23, 13–32.

McAlexander T.P., Gershon R.R.M., Neitzel R.L. (2015), Street-level noise in an urban setting: assessment and contribution to personal exposure, Environmental Health, 14, 18.

Meiarashi S., Ishida M. (1996), Noise reduction characteristics of porous elastic road surface, Applied Acoustics, 47, 239–250.

Miedema H.M, Vos H. (1998), Exposure-response relationships for transportation noise, Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 104, 3432–3445.

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, No. 14 of 1981, [29/03/1981] The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended 1987. [access on 01.03.2016] .

Mohanan V., Sharma O., Garg N. (2010), Noise control measures for proposed Commonwealth Games Village near Noida Morr, NPL Tech. Report No. AC.C.07(4)-01.

Moriallas J.M.B., Escobar V.G., Sierra J.A.M., Gomez R.V., Carmona J.T. (2002), An environmental noise study in the city of Caceres, Spain, Applied Acoustics, 63, 1061–1070.

Murphy E., King E.A. (2010), Strategic environmental noise mapping: Methodological issues concerning the implementation of the EU Environmental Noise Directive and their policy implications, Environmental International, 36, 290–298.

Murphy E., King E.A. (2011), Scenario analysis and noise action planning: Modelling the impact of mitigation measures on population exposure, Applied Acoustics, 72, 487–494.

Murphy E., King E.A., Rice H.J. (2009), Estimating human exposure to transport noise in central Dublin, Ireland, Environmental International, 35, 2, 298–302.

Naish D. (2010), A method of developing regional road traffic noise management strategies, Applied Acoustics, 71, 640–652.

National ambient noise monitoring network (2011), Information Brochure, Central Pollution Control Board, India.

Nijland R., Vos E., Hooghwerff J. (2003), The Dutch Noise Innovation Program Road Traffic (IPG), Proceedings of 32nd International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, Internoise, Seogwipo, Korea, Paper No. 591.

Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules (2000), Ministry of Environment & Forests, India,

Öhrström E. (2004), Longitudinal surveys on effects of changes in road traffic noise-annoyance, activity disturbances, and psycho-social well-being, Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 115, 719–729.

Oishi N., Schacht J. (2011), Emergency treatments for noise-induced hearing loss, Expert Opinion on Emergency Drugs, 16, 2, 235–245.

Olayinka O.S. (2013), Effective noise control measures and sustainable development in Nigeria, World Journal of Environmental Engineering, 1, 5–15.

Ouis D. (2001), Annoyance from road traffic noise: A review, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 101–120.

Pandya G.H. (2002), A comprehensive investigation of noise exposure in and around an integrated iron and steel works, American Industrial Hygiene Association, 63, 2, 172–177.

Pathak V., Tripathi B.D., Mishra V.K. (2008), Evaluation of traffic noise pollution and attitudes of exposed individuals in working place, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 3892–3898.

Rasmussen B. (2010), Sound insulation between dwellings-Requirements in building regulations in Europe, Applied Acoustics, 71, 373–385.

Schomer P.D. (2002), On normalizing DNL to provide better correlation with response, Sound and Vibration, pp. 14–23, [access on 01.03.2016].

Schomer P.D. (2005), Criteria for assessment of noise annoyance, Noise Control Enginering Journal, 53, 132–144.

Selander J., Nilsson M.E., Bluhm G., Rosenlund M., Lindqvist M., Nise G., Pershagen G. (2009), Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and myocardial infarction, Epidemiology, 20, 2, 272–279.

SGS Weather and Environmental Systems Pvt. Ltd., India, [access on 02.03.2016].

Sinha S., Sridharan P.V. (2003), Present and future assessment of noise level in the Neyveli region, Journal of Environmental Studies and Policy, 2, 1–13.

Steele C. (2001), A critical review of some traffic noise prediction models, Applied Acoustics, 62, 271–287.

To W.M, Mak C.M., Chung W.L. (2015), Are the noise levels acceptable in a built environment like Hong Kong?, Noise Health, 17, 79, 429–439.

Tyagi V., Kumar K., Jain V.K. (2006), A study of the spectral characteristics of traffic noise attenuation by vegetation belts in Delhi, Applied Acoustics, 67, 926–935.

Tyagi V., Kumar K., Jain V.K. (2013), Road traffic noise attenuation by vegetation belts at some sites in the Tarai Region of India, Achieves of Acoustics, 38, 3, 389–395.

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (1984), Environmental Criteria and Standards, 24 CFR Part 51, V, 12 July, 1979, amended by 49FR 880, 6 January, 1984.

Watts G.R., Chandler-Wilde S.N., Morgan P.A. (1999), The combined effects of porous asphalt surfacing and barriers on traffic noise, Applied Acoustics, 58, 351–377.

WHO-JRC (2011), Burden of disease from environmental noise-quantification of healthy life years last in Europe, European Center for Environment and Health, JRC EU.

World Health Organization (2009), Night Noise Guidelines for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark: The World Health Organization Regional office for Europe. [access on 02.03.2016].

Zannin P.H.T., Diniz F.B., Barbosa W.A. (2002), Environmental noise pollution in the city of Curitiba, Brazil, Applied Acoustics, 63, 351–358.

DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2017-0020