Archives of Acoustics, 41, 4, pp. 791–798, 2016

Ultrasonic Measurement of Temperature Rise in Breast Cyst and in Neighbouring Tissues as a Method of Tissue Differentiation

Barbara Jadwiga GAMBIN
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Michał BYRA
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Institute of Fundamental Technological Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Belorusian State University

Institute of Fundamental Technological Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Texture of ultrasound images contain information about the properties of examined tissues. The analysis of statistical properties of backscattered ultrasonic echoes has been recently successfully applied to differentiate healthy breast tissue from the benign and malignant lesions. We propose a novel procedure of tissue characterization based on acquiring backscattered echoes from the heated breast. We have proved that the temperature increase inside the breast modifies the intensity, spectrum of the backscattered signals and the probability density function of envelope samples. We discuss the differences in probability density functions in two types of tissue regions, e.g. cysts and the surrounding glandular tissue regions. Independently, Pennes bioheat equation in heterogeneous breast tissue was used to describe the heating process. We applied the finite element method to solve this equation. Results have been compared with the ultrasonic predictions of the temperature distribution. The results confirm the possibility of distinguishing the differences in thermal and acoustical properties of breast cyst and surrounding glandular tissues.
Keywords: medical ultrasound, temperature changes in vivo, breast tissue, ultrasonic temperature measurement
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DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2016-0076