Archives of Acoustics, 42, 3, pp. 459–467, 2017

Frequency Analysis of Noise Generated by Pneumatic Wheels

Silesian University of Technology

Silesian University of Technology

Silesian University of Technology

Grzegorz SIWIEC
Silesian University of Technology

The dominant sources of traffic noise, which are linked directly to the vehicle, are dependent on the speed. In terms of speed of 50–120 km/h the dominant source of noise is pneumatic wheels. The aim of the research was chosen to develop a method and experimental determination of the dominant frequency components of noise generated by the car tire. For the purpose of the study and on the basis of the analysis of the source data it was assumed that there is a relationship between the vibration of the tread elements and emitted noise, especially for low and medium frequencies. Thus, the target was set on the basis of the own method of research in the built measuring station. Based on the survey and the obtained results it can be stated that in the spectrum of the noise emitted by the tires the frequency components
are dominant. Non-directional tire structure includes more frequency components which at the speed adopted in the studies are located at a greater frequency range than it is for the directional tire. In the case of a tire with a directional tread, acoustic emission energy is more associated with specific frequency components. The developed method provides results independent from the influence of the type of road surface on the acoustic emission while driving.
Keywords: noise of pneumatic tire wheels; analysis of the frequency components of noise; the station for testing tires
Full Text: PDF


Anfosso-Lédée F., Pichaud Y. (2007), Temperature effect on tyre–road noise, Applied Acoustics, 68, 1, 1–16, doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2006.06.001.

Burdzik R. (2014), Identification of structure and directional distribution of vibration transferred to car-body from road roughness, Journal of Vibroengineering, 16, 1, 324–333.

Burdzik R., Konieczny L. (2013), Research on structure, propagation and exposure to general vibration in passenger car for different damping parameters, Journal of Vibroengineering, 15, 4, 1680–1688.

Byoung S. K., Gi J.K. Tae K.L. (2007), The identification of sound generating mechanisms of tyres, Applied Acoustics, 68, 114–133.

Caban J., Droździel P., Barta D., Liščák Š. (2014), Vehicle tire pressure monitoring systems, Diagnostyka, 15, 3, 11–14.

Cioch W., Knapik O., Leskow J. (2013), Finding a frequency signature for a cyclostationary signal with application to wheel bearing diagnostics, Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 38, 1, 55–64.

Dąbrowski Z., Zawisza M. (2015), The choice of vibroacoustic signal measures in mechanical fault diagnosis of diesel engines, Solid State Phenomena, 236, 220–227.

Ibarra D., Ramírez-Mendoza R., López E. (2017), Noise emission from alternative fuel vehicles: Study case, Applied Acoustics, 118, 58–65.

Jinn-Tong C., Fu-Yuan T. (2015), Application of a pattern recognition technique to the prediction of tire noise, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 350, 30–40.

Katunin A. (2016), Application of time-frequency distributions in diagnostic signal processing problems: A case study, Diagnostyka, 17, 2, 95–103.

Michelin (2002), Tire – mechanical and acoustic comfort. Societe de Technologie Michelin. [in Polish: Michelin: Opona – komfort mechaniczny i akustyczny], Societe de Technologie Michelin.

O’Boy D.J., Dowling A. P. (2009), Tyre /road interaction noise—Numerical noise prediction of a patterned tyre on a rough road surface, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 323, 270–291.

Rustighia E., Elliotta S.J., Finnvedenb S., Gulyasc K, Mocsaic T., Dantid M. (2008), Linear stochastic evaluation of tyre vibration due to tyre/road excitation. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 310, 1112–1127.

Wodecki J., Stefaniak P., Obuchowski J., Wylomanska A., Zimroz R. (2016), Combination of principal component analysis and time-frequency representations of multichannel vibration data for gearbox fault detection, Journal of Vibroengineering, 18, 4, 2167–2175.

DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2017-0048

Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN)