Archives of Acoustics, 42, 4, pp. 609–617, 2017

Estimation of Reverberation Time in Classrooms Using the Residual Minimization Method

Silesian University of Technology

Silesian University of Technology

The objective of the residual minimization method is to determine a coefficient correcting the Sabine’s model. The Sabine’s equation is the most commonly applied formula in the designing process of room acoustics with the use of analytical methods. The correction of this model is indispensable for its application in rooms having non-diffusive acoustic field. The authors of the present paper will be using the residual minimization method to work out a suitable correction to be applied for classrooms. For this purpose, five different poorly dampened classrooms were selected, in which the measurements of reverberation time were carried out, and for which reverberation time was calculated with the use of theoretical methods. Three of the selected classrooms had the cubic volume of 258.5 m3 and the remaining two had the cubic volume of 190.8 m3. It was sufficient to estimate the correction for the Sabine’s equation. To verify the results, three other classrooms were selected, in which also the measurements of reverberation time were carried out. The results were verified by means of real measurements of reverberation time and by means of computer simulations in the program ODEON.
Keywords: Reverberation time; Sabine’s formula; classroom; Residual Minimization Method; coefficient correcting the Sabine’s model; ODEON
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DOI: 10.1515/aoa-2017-0065