Archives of Acoustics, 44, 3, pp. 505–510, 2019

Acoustic Analysis Using Sound Level Meter to Determine the Period of Usage of the Spindle Bearing of a Radial Drilling Machine

SNS College of Technology

Joslin D. VIJAYA
JCT College of Engineering and Technology

The condition monitoring techniques like acoustic emission, vibration analysis, and infrared thermography, used for the failure diagnosis of bearings, require longer processing time, as they have to perform acoustical measurement followed by signal processing and further analysis using special software. However, for any bearing, its period of usage can be easily determined within an hour, by measuring the bearing sound, using sound level meter (SLM). In this paper the acoustical analysis of the spindle bearing of a radial drilling machine was performed using SLM, by measuring the sound pressure level of the bearing in decibels, for different frequencies, while muting all the other noises. Then using an experimental set up, two database readings were taken, one for new bearing and the other for completely damaged bearing, both are SKF6207, which itself is the spindle bearing. From these three sets of sound pressure level readings, the period of usage of the spindle bearing, was calculated using an interpolation equation, by substituting the life of the bearing from the manufacturer’s catalogue. Therefore, for any machine with a SKF6207 bearing, its usage time can be estimated using the database readings and one measurement on that machine, all with the same speed.
Keywords: acoustical condition monitoring; radial drilling machine; spindle bearing; sound level meter; sound pressure level; sound muting transducer
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DOI: 10.24425/aoa.2019.129265