Archives of Acoustics, 46, 3, pp. 479–489, 2021

Experimental Investigations to Study the Effectiveness of Cepstral Features to Detect Surface Fatigue Wear Development in a FZG Spur Geared System Subjected to Accelerated Tests

Muniyappa AMARNATH
Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur

Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology

Indian Institute of Technology

Gears are essential machine elements used to transmit power and motion from one unit to another under desired angular velocity ratio. Various types of gears have been developed to fulfill power transmission requirements in industrial applications. Under normal or fluctuating operating conditions, increase in fatigue load cycles, transition in lubrication regimes, fluctuating loads and speeds, etc., result in various surface fatigue wear modes which affect the performance of geared system. The severity of wear anomalies developed on gear tooth surfaces can be assessed by using vibration signals acquired from the gear box. On the other hand, reliable wear assessment is very important to perform maintenance action which depends on the sensors, data acquisition procedure, vibration signal analysis and interpretation. This paper presents results of the experimental investigations carried out to assess initiation and propagation of surface fatigue failure wear modes developed on gear tooth contact surfaces. A FZG back to back power recirculation type spur gearbox was used to conduct fatigue test experiments on spur gears under accelerated test conditions. Accelerated test conditions resulted in a rapid transition of lubrication regimes, i.e., hydrodynamic lubrication regime to boundary lubrication regime which triggered surface fatigue faults on gear tooth surfaces. A cepstral analysis method was used to assess fault severity in the geared system. The results obtained from the cepstral features were correlated to various surface fatigue faults and reduction in gear tooth stiffness. Results obtained from the experimental investigations highlighted the suitability of cepstral features to assess incipient faults developed on spur gear tooth surfaces.
Keywords: spur gear; cepstrum; stiffness; pitting; wear
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DOI: 10.24425/aoa.2021.138140