Archives of Acoustics, 46, 3, pp. 561–566, 2021

Investigation of Perforated Tube Configuration Effect on the Performance of Exhaust Mufflers with Mean Flow Based on Three-Dimensional Analysis

University of Miskolc-Hungary

University of Miskolc-Hungary

Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Russian Federation

Université Mohamed Boudiaf

Using perforated tube in exhaust mufflers is known to improve transmission loss (TL) by improving their sound pressure level (SPL) at the orifice. The perforated tube should affect the muffler performance analogous to a shell-and-tube heat exchanger. To the authors’ knowledge, there are few previous assessments reported in literature of the effects that the perforated tube configuration has on acoustic response and pressure drop predicted. The effects of (i) the perforated tube length, (ii) the diameter of tube holes, and (iii) flow through perforated tube were investigated. To assess the perforated tube effect on flow, the SOLIDWORKS 2017 based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool was utilized using real walls approach model with a surface roughness of 0.5 micrometres (AISI 316 cold rolled stainless steel sheet (ss) Ra = 0:5 μm). Perforated tube was found to cause back pressure which may increase SPL about 10%.
Keywords: exhaust muffler; finite element method; acoustic characteristics; flow characteristics; optimization
Full Text: PDF
Copyright © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0).


Cui F., Wang Y., Cai R.C. (2014), Improving muffler performance using simulation-based design, [in:] INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, 249(7): 1190–1194.

Demir A., Çinar Ö.Y. (2009), Propagation of sound in an infinite two-part duct carrying mean flow inserted axially into a larger infinite duct with wall impedance discontinuity, ZAMM – Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 89(6): 454–465, doi: 10.1002/zamm.200800145.

Elsayed A., Bastien C., Jones S., Christensen J., Medina H., Kassem H. (2017), Investigation of baffle configuration effect on the performance of exhaust mufflers, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 10: 86–94, doi: 10.1016/j.csite.2017.03.006.

Ferziger J.H., Perić M. (2002), Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, 3rd ed., Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-56026-2.

Lee I., Selamet A. (2006), Impact of perforation impedance on the transmission loss of reactive and dissipative silencers, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120(6): 3706–3713, doi: 10.1121/1.2359703.

Mohamad B. (2019), Design and optimization of vehicle muffler using the Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings model, Machine Design, 11(3): 101–106, doi: 10.24867/MD.11.2019.3.101-106.

Mohamad B., Karoly J., Zelentsov A., Amroune S. (2020), A hybrid method technique for design and optimization of Formula race car exhaust muffler, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 11(2): 174–180, doi: 10.1556/1848.2020.20048.

Siano D. (2010), Three-dimensional/one-dimensional numerical correlation study of a three-pass perforated tube, Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, 19(4): 1143–1153, doi: 10.1016/j.simpat.2010.04.005.

Sim H.J., Park S.G., Joe Y.G., Oh J.E. (2008), Design of the intake system for reducing the noise in the automobile using support vector regression, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 22(6): 1121–1131, doi: 10.1007/s12206-008-0306-z.

Tiryakioglu B. (2020), Radiation of sound waves by a semi-infinite duct with outer lining and perforated end, Archives of Acoustics, 45(1): 77–84, doi: 10.24425/aoa.2020.132483.

DOI: 10.24425/aoa.2021.138148