Archives of Acoustics, 10, 1, pp. 37-57, 1985

Evaluation of the phase error in sound intensity measurement

Teresa Kwiek-Walasiak
Department of Ergonomy, Adam Mickiewicz University

This paper presents an analysis of phase dependencies occurring in investi¬gations of sound intensity, in particular those of the effect of the phase error of measurement equipment on the value and direction of the intensity vector measured at some point. Two methods of intensity measurement, based on mea¬surement of the particle velocity from the pressure gradient, were taken into consideration: the direct method (formulae (5), (10), (12), (13)) and the one based on the cross-spectrum of acoustic pressure signals (formulae (6), (23)).
The phase error Alp causes changes in the directional characteristic of the system (formula (28), Fig. 7), changes in the values of intensity, measured with changed order of the measurement channels (formula (30), Fig. 6), the ratio of the values of the real part of the cross-spectrum of the pressure processes from the two microphones to that of its imaginary part (Figs. 9-10), and also in the existence of the imaginary part of their cross-spectrum when the two micropho¬nes are affected by the same acoustic field (formula (42), Fig. 8).
This paper presents theoretical considerations and specific examples of phase error evaluation in equipment used in investigations (Fig. 1) on the basis of the changes in question, which cause it.
The phase error of equipment causes considerable distortion of results, involving changes in the measured values, direction and also the sign of the in¬tensity vector in some cases (see Fig. 11), therefore it is important to interpret it correctly.
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