Archives of Acoustics, 5, 4, pp. 247-362, 1980

The investigation of the stabilization of the structure of aqueous solutions of hexamethylphosphortriamide using an acoustic method

Piotr Miecznik
University of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznań

Measurements of the density and of ultrasonic velocity at a frequency of 15 MHz in aqueous solutions of hexamethylphosphortriamide (IIMPT) over the temperature range 283.15423.15 K for the whole concentration range are reported. On the basis of the quantities measured, the adiabatic compressibi¬lity, the deviation of the molar volume of the solution from the additive volume, the partial molar volumes and partial molar compressibilities of the components have been calculated.
The sharp extremes of the ultrasonic velocity, the adiabatic compressibi¬lity, the excess compressibility and the partial molar volumes occurring in the range of low concentrations of HMPT (0.04(323.15 K) - 0.07(283.15 K) molar fraction) can be attributed to the stabilization of the structure of water in the solution in consequence of the growth of clathrate structures of composition 8X -136 H20. The variations of the dependence of the partial molar compressibi¬lities of the components on the concentration indicate a • strong intramolecular interaction between the components in a solution, and in particular, over the range of low HMPT concentrations.
Full Text: PDF
Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN).