Archives of Acoustics, 28, 4, pp. , 2003

On ultrasonic relaxation study of preferential solvation in quasi two-component aqueous solutions of amides and zinc salts

P. Miecznik

Z. Gołębiewski

To investigate the effect of preferential solvation, the
ultrasonic attenuation (2-50 MHz) and velocities (3 MHz) in ZnCl2 and
2-chloroacetamide (ClCH2CONH2) solutions in water and its quasi-binary mixtures
of the ratio (ZnCl2 + ClCH2CONH2): H2O = 1:55 at 298.15 K have been measured.
The creation of specific complexes in the ClCH2CONH2 - H2O - ZnCl2 system have a
relaxational character which, within the measurements of the ultrasonic
absorption in the frequency range 2-50 MHz, have been observed. On the base of
these properties, the kinetic and dynamic parameters of the observed relaxation
have been calculated. To bring into relief the influence of the Cl atom in the
2-chloroacetamide molecules for the complexation process, also the system AA -
H2O - ZnCl2 has been investigated. The next step of searching was the
investigation of the system of CHAA - H2O - ZnBr2, to reduce the influence of
the Cl atom within the ZnCl2 molecule in the complexation process. As the
results, the observed relaxation processes have been attributed to the creation
and disintegration of the following complexes: Zn(H2O)2(CHAA)42+ and
Full Text: PDF
Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN).