Archives of Acoustics, 37, 2, pp. 189–197, 2012

Numerical Evaluation of the Vibration Reduction Index for Structural Joints

Jaime RAMIS
Department of Physics, System Engineering and Signal Theory, University of Alicante

Enrique SEGOVIA
Department of Physics, System Engineering and Signal Theory, University of Alicante

Jesus ALBA
Research Institute for Integrated Coastal Zone Management-IGIC, Polytechnic University of Valencia

Jesus CARBAJO
Department of Physics, System Engineering and Signal Theory, University of Alicante

Luıs GODINHO
Department of Civil Engineering, Pólo 2 – FCTUC, University of Coimbra CICC

The present paper addresses the analysis of structural vibration transmission in the presence of struc-
tural joints. The problem is tackled from a numerical point of view, analyzing some scenarios by using
finite element models. The numerical results obtained making use of this process are then compared
with those evaluated using the EN 12354 standard vibration reduction index concept. It is shown that,
even for the simplest cases, the behavior of a structural joint is complex and evidences the frequency
dependence. Comparison with results obtained by empirical formulas reveals that those of the standards
cannot accurately reproduce the expected behavior, and thus indicate that alternative complementary
calculation procedures are required. A simple methodology to estimate the difference between numerical
and standard predictions is here proposed allowing the calculation of an adaptation term that makes
both approaches converge. This term was found to be solution-dependent, and thus should be evaluated
for each structure.
Keywords: Finite Element Model; vibration reduction; structural joints
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