Archives of Acoustics, 37, 1, pp. 115–120, 2012

Variable Sound Insulation Structure with MFC Elements

Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute

AGH University of Science and Technology; ABB Ltd. Corporate Research

Additional sound sources are used as actuators in the vast majority of active noise reduction systems.
One of the possible opportunities to extend the field of applications of active noise reduction systems is
using active structures of variable sound insulation. The paper presents an analysis of ways of reducing
noise with a structure of variable sound insulation consisting of a metal plate, active elements (Macro
Fiber Composite), and a control system. The paper presents results of acoustic radiation simulations and
measurements of sound intensity generated by the structure under the influence of stimulation by an
acoustic wave. Simulations of mechanical vibrations and acoustic radiation for the plate were performed
with the finite element method and ANSYS software. Simulation results made it possible to select locations
for gluing the active elements and sensors. Analyses of the sound pressure level in the space to which
the plate is radiating made it possible to determine dominant frequencies in the characteristics and, as
a result, indicate vibration modes that can be reduced. Sound intensity measurements were performed
with a three-way probe of USP mini Microflown. Results of simulations and measurements show that it
is possible to achieve an improvement of the insulating power of a metal plate by approx. 10 dB.
Keywords: sound insulation; active noise reduction; MFC
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