Archives of Acoustics, 38, 1, pp. 125–135, 2013

Ultrasonic Method for Monitoring Environmental Risks Associated with Precipitation

Tadeusz GUDRA
Institute of Telecommunications, Teleinformatics and Acoustics
Poland

Dariusz BANASIAK
Institute of Computer Engineering, Control and Robotics Wrocław University of Technology
Poland

Krzysztof HERMAN
Institute of Telecommunications, Teleinformatics and Acoustics
Poland

Krzysztof OPIELIŃSKI
Institute of Telecommunications, Teleinformatics and Acoustics
Poland

This paper presents a solution that utilises ultrasonic technology to allow monitoring snow layer thickness or water level based on measurement from air. It describes the principle of operation of a mea- surement device using three methods of compensating for changing external factors affecting appliance’s precision. Block diagram of the device is also provided. In order to verify the proposed solutions, the research team tested the device in laboratory and operating conditions. The results obtained this way make it possible to select a configuration of device operation depending on the required measurement precision and limitations associated with installing the system for actual operation.
Keywords: ultrasonic methods; snow layer; monitoring of environmental risk
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