Archives of Acoustics, 13, 1-2, pp. 3-11, 1988

Review of the transmission of sound from air to water

H. W. Jones
Technical University of Nova Scotia, Institute of Acoustics
Canada

H. W. Kwan
Technical University of Nova Scotia, Institute of Acoustics
Canada

This paper reviews the physical principles relating to the transmission of sound from air to water. The major emphasis is on the effect of the air-water interface on the transmission of sound to an underwater receiver. A limited consideration only is given to non-flat surfaces and the transmission at grazing angles of incidence.
Keywords: transmission of sound; air-water interface; underwater receiver
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