Archives of Acoustics, 13, 3-4, pp. 281-303, 1988

Statistical sound evaluation for the improvement of sound insulation systems

Mitsuo Ohta
Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University

Hirofumi Iwashige
Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University

The random noise fluctuation encountered in our living environment, such as street noise, road traffic noise, etc. exhibits various kinds of probability distribution forms apart from the usual Gaussian distribution due to the diversified causes of the fluctuations. From the practical viewpoint of control and regulation of such environmental noise, several statistics, such as median, L5 and L10 (in general, so called 1,„ sound level), directly connected with the probability distribution form of random noise fluctuation are very often used for evaluation of the human response. Thus, it is essential to establish a systematic method for evaluating the effect of the system change of noise control on the widely-used standard noise index such as L,. In this paper, general and fundamental considerations for statistical evaluation of transmitted sound waves have been theoretically proposed, when the system characteristic of the sound insulation is changed by any improvement work. The theoretical result was experimentally confirmed not only by the result of the digital simulation technique, but also by actually observed data obtained using reverberation room method. The results of the experiment are in good agreement with our theory.
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