Archives of Acoustics, 10, 1, pp. 59-74, 1985

A fundamental study for predicting the urban street noise by use of the image method approach

Mitsuo Ohta
Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University
Japan

Yasuo Mitani
Fukuyama University
Japan

This paper describes a unified statistical method of structural prediction of an arbitrarily fluctuating street noise in the general urban noise environment, especially from a fundamental viewpoint. That is, an analytical expression of the noise propagation characteristics for several cases of typically idealized road traffic models is first derived, in order to express an actual noise environ-ment in the city area, based on the image method approach. Then, by using the newly derived expression of the noise propagation characteristics, two re-presentative evaluation indices of street noise, closely related to the well-known Leg and LNp evaluation indices, can be given in an explicit functional form with several internal mechanisms of the road traffic environments in the city area. Finally the validity of the present theoretical prediction method is experimen¬tally confirmed, especially by use of digital simulation technique for several cases of typically idealized actual road traffic noise environment in the city area.
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