Archives of Acoustics, 9, 1-2, pp. 257-266, 1984

Echocardiography in pulmonary hypertension

P. Fridl
The Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Czech Republic

P. Niederle
The Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Czech Republic

J. Widimsky
The Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Czech Republic

M. Riedel
The Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Czech Republic

R. Jandova
The Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Czech Republic

Echocardiographic and haemodynamic examinations were performed on 31 patients with mitral stenosis and on 49 patients with rewirrent pulmonary embolism. The echocardiographic examination of the pulmonary valve was successful in 71 per cent and the measurement of right ventricular wall thickness in 95 per cent of patients. In patients with established pulmonary hypertension (mean pulmonary artery pressure 20 or more mm Hg) we observed a tendency to increased right ventricular wall thickness (r = 0.47, p < 0.001), the flattening of the e— f slope (r = 0.47, p < 0.001) and a diminished a dip (r = 0.36, p < < 0.001) on pulmonary valve echocardiograms. The higher correlation with
mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) was found for the RPEP/RVET ratio (r = 0.55, p < 0.001) and for the right ventricular internal dimension (r = 0.65, p < 0.001). The most reliable indicator of pulmonary hypertension is the ratio of the right to the left ventricular dimension (r = 0.68, p < 0.001). Echocardio¬graphic parameters were compared with ECG- parameters of the right ventricle hypertrophy.
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