Archives of Acoustics, 4, 4, pp. 331-346, 1979

An acoustical aid for the blind

Zbigniew Marcin Wójcik
Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences
Poland

Aids for the blind, used €10 far, which transform images to touch stimuli, aro not faultless. The low resolution of mechanical operative systems and the elasticity of skin reduce practical usefulness of these aids. The aid which equivalently transforms optical images to acoustic signals is free from the faults mentioned above.
It follows from physiological investigations of the brain that the right hemi-sphere of one born blind can take over a parallel analysis of optical images trans-ferred by acoustic signals. A blind person who lost sight later in his We can re-cognize optical images transmitted by sound by way of an analysis mainly carried out by the left hemisphere of the brain. The left hemisphere usually performs a se-rial data analysis.
The present paper discusses the transformation of optical images to cor-responding equivalent acoustic signals, and also presents a design for the electro¬nic system of an acoustical aid. This system should become a valuable device in research, and it may also be applied practically in future.
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