Archives of Acoustics, 25, 1, pp. , 2000

Scientific and engineering problems facing Polish acousticians fifty years ago

I. Malecki

After the II World War's of awful destruction of the whole
country, material goods, and its population, but in the same time the common
will of the nation to rebuild the ruins, to develope the home industry and to
assure acceptable conditions for every-day life created the unique historical
chance to undertake the huge engineering and technological tasks. The polish
acousticians played a modest nevertheless significant role in the solution of
the problems related with the realization of these tasks. Polish acoustics has
the tradition of the research activities since the beginning of the thirties,
mainly in the field of the architectural and physiological acoustics. During the
occupation time the polish acoustics suffered the hard loss a number of
acousticians did not survived or emigrated abroad, however some theoretical
research was pursued. An important fact for the future was that the lectures
related with acoustics and electroacoustics were continued at the
electrotechnique and architecture faculties of the underground Warsaw Technical
University. In spite of everything, just after the war several young
acousticians supported by the students of the newly founded or old universities
were able to participate in the national efforts of rebuilding the ruins. First
off all they continued to carry on the intensive efforts required of acoustics
concerning the definite solutions of the key engineerings problems to be taken
into account by engineers, planners, economists and the local and central
authorities. To fulfill this role of the advisers the home scientific research
in the field of acoustics had to be initiated and developed, as the essential
basis for the adequate treatment of the engineering problems, all the more that
the west-european and american experiences e.g. in building acoustics were not
fully applicable for the specific local conditions. Four engineering problems
closely related with acoustics were of crucial importance for the rebuilding of
the country fifty years ago: 1) town planning, 2) dwelling houses construction,
3) public halls design, 4) noise control in industry.
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