Archives of Acoustics, 29, 3, pp. , 2004

Phenomenological model of changes in the speed of a sound wave in crystals caused by dopants

T. Błachowicz
Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Physics

The paper examines theoretically changes in the speed of an
acoustic wave in crystals caused by metallic dopants. It is well known that an
acoustic wave has a wavelength larger than the typical dimension of the
elementary crystallographic cell, so it is sensitive only to large-scale
features. The model bases on the assumption that a crystal with uniform
distributed dopants can be transformed into a multiplayer virtual structure form
which some conclusions can be drawn. The approach presented is valid for
longitudinal acoustic waves, where the atomic displacement can be considered as
a continuum field. It provides positive or negative changes in the acoustic wave
speeds for different dopants in a hypothetical lithium niobate crystal.
Keywords: elastic constants; elastic waves in layered media; superlattices; lithium niobate; dopants in lithium niobate; Rytov's model; pulse-echo method; ultrasonics
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