Archives of Acoustics, 33, 4, pp. 573–580, 2008

Laboratory setup for synthetic aperture ultrasound imaging

Ihor TROTS
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences

Andrzej NOWICKI
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences

Marcin LEWANDOWSKI
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences

The paper describes the synthetic transmit aperture (STA)
imaging system with a single element transmitting and multi-element reception in
medical ultrasound. Synthetic aperture method allows to achieve high electronic
signal-to-noise ratio and good contrast resolution. A laboratory setup for
acquisition of RF signals from linear transducer array was built. Simulated
multichannel acquisition by multiplexing individual transducer was performed. In
experiments 32-element linear transducer array with 0.48 mm inter-element
spacing and a burst pulse with time duration 100 ns was used. Single element in
the transducer transmitting aperture was used to generate a spherical wave
covering the full image region. The echo signals were sampled independently by
individual elements for each transmission. The comparison of 2D ultrasound
images of wire phantom obtained using STA method and standard linear array
scanning with commercial ultrasonograph is given. The results show excellent
image resolution of the STA method and its robustness to refraction, attenuation
and multiple reflection of ultrasound waves.
Keywords: ultrasound imaging; synthetic aperture; contrast resolution
Full Text: PDF


Copyright © Polish Academy of Sciences & Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (IPPT PAN)