Archives of Acoustics, 33, 1, pp. 93–101, 2008

Implementation of digital sigma-delta modulators for high-resolution audio digital-to-analog converters based on field programmable gate array

Zbigniew KULKA
Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Radioelectronics

Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Radioelectronics

Sigma-delta modulators (SDMs) are now widely used in high-resolution audio analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs). The field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based hardware is particularly suitable for the implementation of basic functional blocks of audio sigma-delta DACs. This paper presents the design, simulation, and the FPGA implementation of the lowpass digital sigma-delta modulators (SDMs) in various configurations. The results can be used for digital SDM designs and its future applications in the audio sigma-delta DACs as well as for educational purposes.
Keywords: Audio Sigma-Delta DAC, Digital sigma-delta modulator, FPGA
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