Archives of Acoustics, 32, 2, pp. 279-286, 2007

Noise hazard to the population of areas connected with functioning of roadway frontier crossings

Janusz KOMPAŁA
Central Mining Institute Department of Technical Acoustic, Laser Technology and Radiometry

Adam LIPOWCZAN
Central Mining Institute Department of Technical Acoustic, Laser Technology and Radiometry

In spite of Polish observing the Schengen Convention connected with the freedom of internal moving in European Union, the problem of operating the external frontiers is still valid. Such border crossings can be crossed only at the special border crossing points and in defined time. The controls over them are executed according to uniform criteria. As long as the political situation in Europe is not change, Poland will stay as the border's state of E.U. and people will be put at risk of the border crossing action.
The noise connected with border crossing functioning is emitted at whole border crossing - at all developed area and routes lead to it. It is not only the border crossing point itself but also all grounds which come under it.
The conducted researches have shown that noise connected with border crossing functioning could be troublesome for the inhabitants of border areas. The problems of exceeding the maximum permissible level of noise on protected areas are mainly connected with many sources of noise producing, for instance lorry type vehicles. On the basis of filled questionnaires it has been found that noise is an important problem for the border areas inhabitants. The scale of the disaster requires taking preventive steps.
The problem of many noise sources seems to be quite serious because the Polish border is 3500 km in length and there are 200 Polish border crossings.
Keywords: ecology, acoustic, environment, noise, method
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