Archives of Acoustics, 24, 4, pp. 407-413, 1999

Scientific and engineering problems facing Polish acousticians fifty years ago

I. Malecki
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Poland

After the II World War awful destructions of the whole country material goods and its population, but in the same time the common will of the nation to rebuilt the ruins, to developed the home industry and to assure the acceptable condition for every-day life created the unique historical chance to undertake the huge engineering and technological tasks. The polish acousticians played they modest nevertheless significant role in the solution of the problems related with the realization of these tasks.
Polish acoustics has the tradition of the research activities since the beginning of thirties, mainly in the field of the architectural and physiological acoustics.
During the occupation time the polish acoustics suffered the hard losts, a number of the acousticians not survived or emigrated abroad, however some theoretical research were pursued. The important for the future was the fact, that the lectures related with acoustics and electroacoustics were continued at the electrotechnique and architecture faculties of the underground Warsaw Technical University.
In spite all, just after the war several young acousticians supported by the students of the new founded or old universities were able to participate in the national efforts of rebuilding the ruins. First off all they start to curry on the intensive efforts that the requirements of acoustics concerning the definite solutions of the key engineerings problems will be taken into account by engineers, planners, economists and the local and central authorities.
To fulfill this role of the advisers the home scientific research in the field of acoustics must be initiated and developed, as the essential basis for the adequate treatment of the engineering problems, all the more that the west-european and american experiences e.g. in building acoustics were not fully applicable for the specific local conditions.
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