Archives of Acoustics, 18, 3, pp. 371-415, 1993

Methods and applications of acoustics emission. Comparative analysis

I. Malecki
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-049 Warszawa, ul. Świętokrzyska 21
Poland

J. Ranachowski
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-049 Warszawa, ul. Świętokrzyska 21
Poland

Acoustic signals which accompany internal changes of the structure of a continuous medium have been observed for centuries, and where often utilized as warning signals of oncoming catastrophes. These signals provoked also an interest as indicators of homogeneity and strength of material. First scientific concern for this kind of acoustic phenomena dates from the third decade of the twentieth century [1], and refers to "micro-seismic" signals. ...
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